Entire contractual clauses are often introduced by signatories in the “Boilerplate” category. The clauses of the boiler platform are generally uncontested and are often repeated in contracts by the parties in a routine manner, without much negotiation or taking into account the context and background of the contract in question. They are commonly referred to as “standard” and treated, which sometimes means that they do not always attract as much attention and consideration as the other terms of the contract, especially the terms and conditions. In this respect, a comprehensive agreement clause becomes important. A clause in a comprehensive agreement is intended to make the Tribunal understand that the parties intend the agreement to be a definitive expression of their intent or to be integrated and complete. A comprehensive agreement clause is convincing evidence of an integrated agreement, but it is not temporary; a court is not obliged to find an integrated agreement, including an entire agreement clause. As a result, a uniform approach to the development of these clauses has been put in place, in which the contracting parties use formulations that have been proven in their pre-structuring provisions. As a general rule, a complete provision of the contract consists of several parts comprising one or more of the following parts: the Court of Justice agreed with the seller. As Axa Sun Life acknowledged, this decision applies only to the construction of the comprehensive contractual clause at issue. In addition, the structure of a specific clause must be defined within the framework of the agreement as a whole.
On this point, the Court found that the parties intended to cover the entire contractual clause in order to cover false claims. In particular: for more information on the effects of integrated agreements, see The redefinition (second) of treaties 209-216. However, each case must be carefully considered with the specific facts in mind. Courts have sometimes found, apparently at odds with the general rule, that a full clause in the contract (as opposed to a clear exclusion clause) could be used to exclude implied clauses.